This medication is an anticonvulsant, prescribed for certain types of seizures (eg, status epilepticus). It decreases abnormal electrical activity in the brain.
Phenytoin calms the brain
Take as you have been told, even if you are feeling better. If you are taking this drug once a day, take at the same time of day. Take with or without food. Always take with food or always take on an empty stomach. Long-acting products: Swallow whole. Do not chew, break, or crush. There is a chewable tablet if you cannot swallow pills. Those who have feeding tubes may also use the chewable tablet. Crush and mix with water. Flush feeding tube before and after this drug is given. Chewable tablet: Chew or crush well. Mix crushed tablet with food or liquid. Do not swallow it whole. There is a liquid (suspension) if you cannot swallow pills. Shake well before use. Those who have feeding tubes may also use the liquid. Flush the feeding tube before and after this drug is given. Stop tube feeding for 2 hours before giving this drug. Restart tube feeding 2 hours after giving.
Night blindness, incoordination, slurred speech, decreased coordination, mental confusion, dizziness, sleeplessness and tremor.
Take a missed dose as soon as you think about it. If it is close to the time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your normal time. Do not take 2 doses at the same time or extra doses. Do not change the dose or stop this drug. Talk with the doctor.
If you have an allergy to phenytoin or any other part of this drug. Tell your doctor if you are allergic to any drugs. Make sure to tell about the allergy and what signs you had. This includes telling about rash; hives; itching; shortness of breath; wheezing; cough; swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat; or any other signs. If you are pregnant or may be pregnant. If you are breast-feeding.
If you think there was an overdose, call your local poison control center or ER right away. Signs of a very bad reaction to the drug. These include wheezing; chest tightness; fever; itching; bad cough; blue or gray skin color; seizures; or swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat. Signs of low mood (depression), thoughts of killing yourself, nervousness, emotional ups and downs, thinking that is not normal, anxiety, or lack of interest in life. Big change in balance. Change in thinking clearly and with logic. Very upset stomach or throwing up. Feeling very tired or weak. If seizures are worse or not the same after starting this drug. Very bad skin irritation. Very bad mouth irritation. Dark urine or yellow skin or eyes. Any bruising or bleeding. Any rash. Side effect or health problem is not better or you are feeling worse.
Sometimes drugs are not safe when you take them with certain other drugs and food. - Taking them together can cause bad side effects. - Be sure to talk to your doctor about all the drugs you take.
Store in a cool, dry place away from the reach of children. - Medicines must not be used past the expiry date.
Category D : There is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience or studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use of the drug in pregnant women despite potential risks.
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